Shifting Patterns In the last issue of Seasonal Insights I have discussed Bitcoin’s seasonal pattern in the course of a year. In this issue I will show an analysis of the returns of bitcoin on individual days of the week. Bitcoin, daily – since bottoming in early December, BTC has advanced quite a bit. It remains an excellent trading sardine. [PT] It seems to me that Bitcoin is particularly interesting for this type of study: it exhibits spectacular price gains, it is a very new instrument and it is unregulated. Moreover, it trades around the clock, even on weekends. Given this setup, I found myself wondering: do prices rise uniformly? And does their performance on weekends differ from that on workdays? Bitcoin: The Action Mainly Takes
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In the last issue of Seasonal Insights I have discussed Bitcoin’s seasonal pattern in the course of a year. In this issue I will show an analysis of the returns of bitcoin on individual days of the week.
It seems to me that Bitcoin is particularly interesting for this type of study: it exhibits spectacular price gains, it is a very new instrument and it is unregulated. Moreover, it trades around the clock, even on weekends.
Given this setup, I found myself wondering: do prices rise uniformly? And does their performance on weekends differ from that on workdays?
Bitcoin: The Action Mainly Takes Place at the Beginning of the Week
The first chart below shows the annualized performance of bitcoin since 2011 in black, as well as the cumulative annualized performance on individual days of the week in blue.
Note: due to the extent of the rally to date, the compounding effect is particularly strong; the average cumulative returns achieved on individual days of the week therefore don’t add up linearly to the total annualized return of bitcoin. In order to improve the clarity of the illustration, I have inserted a break in the black column and the scale of the y-axis.
Bitcoin, performance by individual days of the week, 2011 to 2019. In the long-term, the strongest gains were achieved at the beginning of the week
As the chart shows, the beginning of the week is standing out noticeably: if one had invested exclusively on Mondays, an annual return of 27.53 percent would have been attained. The cumulative gain achieved on Tuesdays was even stronger at 39.88 percent!
By contrast, the average return of 7.71 percent achieved on Friday was fairly small.
Moreover, Saturdays, and by the standards of bitcoin also Sundays and Wednesdays, were rather boring days as well.
Next we will take a look at the detailed evolution of these trends over time.
The Days of the Week under the Magnifying Glass
The next chart shows the performance of bitcoin since 2011 in black, as well as the cumulative return achieved on every individual day of the week in other colors – indexed to 100.
As the chart shows, Tuesday (yellow line) was well ahead of the pack from the very beginning.. However, if you look more closely, you can see that the pink line representing Friday is rising particularly strongly since 2016. Along with the rising popularity of Bitcoin, the intraday pattern has changed.
In the rally in recent months the pink line representing Friday (which was recently hidden behind the purple line) was able to keep pace. Thus it made more sense to buy on Friday morning rather than on Sunday morning during the recent upward move.
The Case of Bitcoin Highlights That There are Market Discrepancies one can Take Advantage Of
What do the statistical anomalies in Bitcoin tell us generally about investing in financial markets?
Contrary to what some theories assert, efficient markets do not exist in the real world. Human habits, regulations or manipulation can result in recurring disparities in price patterns. Discrepancies such as those in bitcoin discussed above and many other such patterns can be quickly found with the help of the Seasonax app on the internet at www.app.seasonax.com or on Bloomberg or Thomson-Reuters systems; they exist in stock markets, currencies and commodities as well. Don’t let the disciples of the efficient market hypothesis keep you from taking advantage of them in your investment practice!
PS: The strength of Bitcoin at the beginning of the week is symptomatic of market discrepancies that can be exploited!
Dimitri Speck specializes in pattern recognition and trading systems development. He is the founder of Seasonax, the company which created the Seasonax app for the Bloomberg and Thomson-Reuters systems. He also publishes the website www.SeasonalCharts.com , which features selected seasonal charts for interested investors free of charge. In his book The Gold Cartel (published by Palgrave Macmillan), Dimitri provides a unique perspective on the history of gold price manipulation, government intervention in markets and the vast credit excesses of recent decades. His ground-breaking work on intraday patterns in gold prices was inter alia used by financial supervisors to gather evidence on the manipulation of the now defunct gold and silver fix in London. His Stay-C commodities trading strategy won several awards in Europe; it was the best-performing quantitative commodities fund ever listed on a German exchange. You can find an introduction to the Seasonax app and in-depth information on what it can do here. Furthermore, here is a complementary page on the web-based Seasonax app, which costs less and offers slightly different functionality (note: subscriptions through Acting Man qualify for special discounts – for both the Bloomberg/Reuters and the web-based versions of the app. Details are available on request – simply send a note to [email protected] with the header Seasonax!).
Charts by cryptowat.ch, Seasonax
Chart captions by PT where indicated
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