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Enrico Bergamini and Georg Zachmann



Articles by Enrico Bergamini and Georg Zachmann

Understanding the European Union’s regional potential in low-carbon technologies

November 26, 2020

This research identifies existing and potential specialisation in green technologies in European Union regions, and proposes an approach to identify policies that can help to realise this potential.

This research identifies existing and potential specialisation in green technologies in European Union regions, and proposes an approach to identify policies that can help to realise this potential. Using the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development’s REGPAT database for regionalised patent data, we estimate the potential advantage European NUTS2 regions could have in 14 green technologies. We use network proximity between technologies and between regions to understand technological/regional clusters, and build the regressors for estimating potential regional advantage in specific

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Targeted horizontal industrial policy: green, regional and European

November 23, 2020

Creating the conditions for the most promising low-carbon sectors to grow is the most efficient way to enable decarbonisation. As sector potential is regional and associated with regions’ current strengths in related technologies, policy should aim to boost the growth potential of low-carbon technologies on a regional level.
Global decarbonisation has already revolutionised some major economic sectors. In the electricity generation technology market, wind and solar today amount to almost 70% of new capacities. In the automotive sector, the market valuation of Tesla now exceeds that of any other car manufacturer, implying investors expect rapid growth in revenues. But this might only be the beginning. Many other sectors including agriculture, shipping and metals will need to be decarbonised

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