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Black Lives Matter: Discrimination in USA, UK and EU

Summary:
We have just witnessed a string of protests in the UK about racial discrimination.  How does the UK compare with the USA and EU for racism?In the following graphs the results of the Second European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey: Being Black in the EU. are compared with US resources. The EU source has 5 years as the longest window of measurement whereas the US sources measure discrimination over a lifetime so the EU figures are likely to be higher than shown if we were comparing lifetime experience.  The difference in measurement window is due to large black populations being a relatively new phenomenon in the EU.Housing discrimination is central to the ability of ethnic minorities to move outside any ghettos that might exist.  The EU and USA have very serious problems with

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We have just witnessed a string of protests in the UK about racial discrimination.  How does the UK compare with the USA and EU for racism?

In the following graphs the results of the Second European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey: Being Black in the EU. are compared with US resources. The EU source has 5 years as the longest window of measurement whereas the US sources measure discrimination over a lifetime so the EU figures are likely to be higher than shown if we were comparing lifetime experience.  The difference in measurement window is due to large black populations being a relatively new phenomenon in the EU.

Housing discrimination is central to the ability of ethnic minorities to move outside any ghettos that might exist.  The EU and USA have very serious problems with housing discrimination against black people:

Black Lives Matter: Discrimination in USA, UK and EU
US Source: Harvard https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/news/press-releases/black-americans-discrimination-work-police/

 Direct experience of discrimination is almost as high in the EU as in the US, the UK is a relative paragon:

Black Lives Matter: Discrimination in USA, UK and EU

 The US Source ( On the prevalence of racial discrimination in the United States ) also gives a figure for discrimination against white Americans. If this figure is true and if there are four times as many white Americans as black it suggests that black Americans are twice as likely to discriminate as white Americans. This is something that needs further attention and shows how minorities are in danger of suffering discrimination simply because they are minorities. To achieve no imbalance in discrimination in the USA each member of the white community has to be four times less likely to discriminate than each member of the black community, at present they are only half as likely to discriminate.

The EU and USA are similar for racial discrimination.  White people in the UK are much less likely to discriminate than those in the USA or EU.

The prevalence of Racial Hate Crime is more difficult to measure.  The true rate of hate crime in the UK is measured by the Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) .  The rate of reporting hate crimes to the police has increased dramatically but the underlying rate has been fairly constant:

Black Lives Matter: Discrimination in USA, UK and EU
The BBC uses the most extreme graphs to record hate crime reporting because it desires to make a point about Brexit, "explaining" the increase in reporting with "Because Brexit appeals to these kinds of people, it's brought them out of the shadows,":

Black Lives Matter: Discrimination in USA, UK and EU

As is seen below the 2017-18 figures seem to have been due to a succession of terrorist attacks, not, as the BBC suggests, Brexit.  The 2016-17 figures could easily have been due to the biased coverage of Brexit being due to racism in the Remain media so encouraging reporting.

The reporting of hate crime to the police does indeed appear to be politically motivated because it accompanies major events then returns to much lower levels.  If the underlying rate of hate crime is steady we should ask why people feel compelled to report the crime.

Black Lives Matter: Discrimination in USA, UK and EU
Source address: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/748598/hate-crime-1718-hosb2018.pdf

Reports of racism are an excellent way to mobilise people in the UK or to divert the UK media.  If the underlying rate of hate crime is steady and the reporting is volatile it is important to understand whether the reported hate crime figures are being generated by groups that have an agenda.

International comparisons of hate crime are very difficult to make because the definition of "hate crime" varies dramatically.

Police shootings are almost impossible to compare between countries.  This is shown in a graphic from The Conversation.

Black Lives Matter: Discrimination in USA, UK and EU
The UK figures are so small they are scarcely visible on this illustration.  The figure is 0.016.  The US figures dwarf all the others.  This is because the USA has a different culture from the UK and EU.

The death rate in police custody in the UK and EU is too low for fair comparisons:

Black Lives Matter: Discrimination in USA, UK and EU

This leaves us with huge questions: why are so many UK protesters protesting against the USA when our neighbours in the EU are as racist?  Why are protestors in the UK, perhaps the least racist country in Europe, prepared to kill hundreds of their fellow citizens with COVID19, a death toll that will be higher than all police shootings in Europe combined? 

Can anyone doubt that what started in the USA as a reasonable demand for justice is now a media storm with lethal results?  Are the British turning virtue signalling into an evil?

5/6/2020

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