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Tag Archives: artificial intelligence

Cooperation á la carte is the way forward for EU AI regulation

Disputes over how to regulate artificial intelligence have rapidly risen up the global agenda in the last few years. But is a single set of global, or even just transatlantic rules the way to address the issue? Daniel Mügge argues that for the European Union, with its towering ethical ambitions, the answer may be ‘No’. Earlier this year, the EU became the first major jurisdiction to publish a set of draft rules for artificial intelligence (AI). There are good reasons to keep close...

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Workers can unlock the artificial intelligence revolution

Employers and artificial intelligence developers should ensure new technologies work for workers by making them trustworthy, easy to use and valuable in day-to-day work. Artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to boost firm-level labour productivity by three to four per cent, and therefore significantly impact economic growth in Europe. However, only four in ten European businesses have so far adopted an AI technology, most commonly in areas such as fraud detection or warehouse...

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Algorithmic management is the past, not the future of work

Algorithmic management is the twenty-first century’s scientific management. Job quality measures should be included explicitly in health and safety risk assessments for workplace artificial-intelligence systems. AI in the workplace: what’s at stake? The use of artificial intelligence in the workplace has been hailed as both the future of work and its destruction. Worker-friendly applications of AI in the workplace include the automation of dangerous, dirty and dull tasks, strategic workforce...

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We need more bias in artificial intelligence

What makes one vision more desirable than another is not its neutrality, but whether it can better serve one’s goals in the context of where those goals are being pursued. By: Mario Mariniello Date: April 21, 2021 Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance This opinion piece is forthcoming in Il Sole 24 Ore. The Muller-Lyer optical illusion consists of two lines of equal length that differ only in the direction of arrowheads at either end. Yet, to most observers, the line...

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L’IA a besoin d’humains qualifiés

L'adoption des technologies IA repose moins sur des scientifiques de haut niveau que sur des spécialistes des données et des programmeurs compétents qui peuvent mettre en pratique les algorithmes d'apprentissage profond existants à des fins commerciales. This opinion post was originally published in Les Echos. Il est vrai que l’Europe produit plus de doctorats en sciences et en ingénierie que toute autre partie du monde. Mais l’adoption des technologies IA repose moins sur des...

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Europe has an artificial-intelligence skills shortage

How severe is Europe’s dearth of AI talent and how does it compare to the United States, China and the United Kingdom – the world’s AI champions? However intelligent artificial intelligence might be, it still relies on qualified humans, of which there is a notable lack in the European Union. In 2019, German firms spent an average of six months hunting to fill each tech position. The lack of AI skills undermines Europe’s industrial prospects. Without the right training to close the skills gap,...

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Artificial intelligence’s great impact on low and middle-skilled jobs

Artificial intelligence and machine learning will significantly transform low-skilled jobs that have not yet been negatively affected by past technological change. The academic literature suggests that, in the past decades, technological progress has led to job polarisation in European Union countries. While computer technologies and robots have replaced, to some extent, routine middle-skilled jobs such as machine operation, construction work or administrative work, they have also led to an...

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Occupational change, artificial intelligence and the geography of EU labour markets

From 2002 up to 2009, the economies of European Union countries went through a skill upgrading, rather than a polarisation between low-skill and high-skill jobs. After 2009, this changed, with declining real wages and a significant increase in the share of workers in low-skill jobs. This assessment evaluates these changes in connection with labour market variables, population densities and the emergence of machine learning and artificial intelligence. We study the nature and geography of...

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Artificial intelligence in the fight against COVID-19

Artificial intelligence can help fight the coronavirus through applications including population screening, notifications of when to seek medical help and tracking how infection spreads. The COVID-19 outbreak has triggered intense work on such applications, but it will take time before results become visible. By: Georgios Petropoulos Date: March 23, 2020 Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy In the face of the coronavirus, digital technologies are vital for both social health...

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Big data versus COVID-19: opportunities and privacy challenges

All available resources need to be brought to bear on the novel coronavirus COVID-19. To what extent can digital technology help? What risks are there in using big data to combat COVID-19, and what policies can mitigate any limitations that these risks impose? Information that could be made available A great deal of COVID-19-relevant information is potentially available in the digital world. Users of social networks voluntarily provide extensive personal information, usually including...

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