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Tag Archives: Innovation & Competition Policy

Is tech redefining the workplace for women?

Laura Nurski, Sabine Theresia Köszegi and Giuseppe Porcaro explore the relationship between artificial intelligence and job transformation and ask whether the impact differs by gender. Today, work is often segregated by gender — with great ramifications for women across the world. Will increased use of technology decrease or increase current discrepancies? What can we do today in our schools and workplaces to help women in the future? Bruegel’s own Giuseppe Porcaro spoke to Bruegel...

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Do robots dream of paying taxes?

The digital transition should be managed – and taxed – alongside other societal transitions, but any tax on companies that replace employees with automated systems should be targeted and carefully designed to not stifle innovation. By: Rebecca Christie Date: October 5, 2021 Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Robot taxes embody the more futuristic challenges of managing automation and legacy workers. As machines and artificial intelligence take on more roles that used to...

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For remote work to work, new ground rules are needed

The pandemic has shown workers and employers that another way to work is possible. The European Union should develop a framework to facilitate hybrid work. By: Mario Mariniello Date: September 23, 2021 Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy This piece is forthcoming in Il Sole 24 Ore and El Economista. With all its tragic burden, the pandemic has also been a unique experiment that has challenged accepted norms. Before the pandemic, 85% of European workers had never before...

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Opening up digital platforms and reducing anticompetitive risks

The current convergence in measures to open up digital platforms leaves a door open to some form of international coordination. By: Georgios Petropoulos Date: September 22, 2021 Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Regulation of online platforms in China, the European Union and the United States is, for first time, moving in the same direction: regulators are pushing platforms to open up their infrastructure to increase consumer choice and to give more options to their...

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Remote work, EU labour markets and wage inequality

More remote working in the wake of the pandemic could exacerbate wage inequality, with young workers, women and the low educated potentially losing out. On the eve of the COVID-19 pandemic, in March 2020, unemployment in the European Union stood at the historic low rate of 6.3%. Due to the pandemic, it then began to rise, reaching 7.7% in September 2020. While unemployment has declined somewhat since then, signalling that the EU is on the path to labour market recovery, the nature of some...

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The great infodemic: time to consider a fake news tax

A content-based tax on the revenue from digital advertising is needed to prevent the monetisation of fake news by both creators and platforms. By: Georgios Petropoulos Date: August 26, 2021 Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy In a speech delivered at the Munich Security Conference on 15 February 2020, the Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO) noted that “fake news spreads faster and more easily than this virus, and is just as dangerous”. In fact, we are in...

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Are robots taking our jobs?

What will be the impact of automation on the economy? Bruegel's own Giuseppe Porcaro discusses with Aaron Benanav, Laura Nurski, and Alexis Moraitis.  In the future, what forces will cause the economy to grow and stagnate? What impact will AI and automation have on the economy? Is capitalism a sustainable economic model? Today on The Sound of Economics, we’re asking the big questions. In order to find answers, our own Giuseppe Porcaro hosts Aaron Benanav, recent author of Automation and the...

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A new direction for the European Union’s half-hearted semiconductor strategy

The EU needs a more targeted strategy to increase its presence in this strategic and thriving sector, building on its existing strengths, while accommodating its relatively low domestic needs. The authors thank Sybrand Brekelmans, Viktor Krozer, Guntram Wolff and Georg Zachmann for their comments. A basic component in electronic devices, semiconductors are essential to the production of many products, from smartphones to cars. Securing reliable supplies of semiconductors to safeguard the...

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Designing a hybrid work organisation

Post-pandemic hybrid work models should be carefully planned, taking into account individual and organisational needs. With the end of the pandemic in sight, organisations are rethinking when and where their employees will work. Over half of office workers want to keep working remotely for three or more weekdays and while employer enthusiasm is somewhat lower, this does seem feasible for 20%-25% of the workforces in advanced economies. Many companies will likely adopt a hybrid combination of...

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Workers can unlock the artificial intelligence revolution

Employers and artificial intelligence developers should ensure new technologies work for workers by making them trustworthy, easy to use and valuable in day-to-day work. Artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to boost firm-level labour productivity by three to four per cent, and therefore significantly impact economic growth in Europe. However, only four in ten European businesses have so far adopted an AI technology, most commonly in areas such as fraud detection or warehouse...

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